Sân (Fa-ho̍k ngièn-su)

(Chhùng-thin-hiong chhṳ Samarium)

Sân (釤) he yit-chúng fa-ho̍k ngièn-su, fa-ho̍k fù-ho vì Sm, ngièn-chṳ́ su-muk he 62.

Sân 釤,  62Sm
ngoi-kôn
silvery white
Kî-pún sin-sit
Miàng, fù-ho Sân 釤, Sm
thùng-su-thí α form
ngoi-hìn silvery white
Sân 釤 chhai chû-khì-péu ke vi-chi
Khiâng (sûng-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Hoi (hî-yù hi-thí)
Lithium (kán-kîm-su̍k)
Beryllium (kán-thú kîm-su̍k)
Phìn (lui-kîm-su̍k)
Than (tô-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Tham (sûng-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Yông (sûng-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Fuk (sûng-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Nái (hî-yù hi-thí)
Na̍p (kán-kîm-su̍k)
Magnesium (kán-thú kîm-su̍k)
Lî (heu-ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Si̍t (lui-kîm-su̍k)
Lìn (tô-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Liù-vòng (tô-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Liu̍k (sûng-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Argon (hî-yù hi-thí)
Kap (kán-kîm-su̍k)
Koi (kán-thú kîm-su̍k)
Scandium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Titanium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Vanadium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Chromium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Manganese (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Thiet (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Cobalt (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Nickel (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Thùng (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Â-yèn (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Gallium (heu-ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Germanium (lui-kîm-su̍k)
Phî (lui-kîm-su̍k)
Selenium (tô-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Chhiu (sûng-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Krypton (hî-yù hi-thí)
Rubidium (kán-kîm-su̍k)
Strontium (kán-thú kîm-su̍k)
Yttrium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Zirconium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Niobium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Molybdenum (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Technetium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Ruthenium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Rhodium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Palladium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Ngiùn (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Cadmium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Indium (heu-ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Siak (heu-ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Antimony (lui-kîm-su̍k)
Tellurium (lui-kîm-su̍k)
Tién (sûng-ngièn-chṳ́ fî-kîm-su̍k)
Xenon (hî-yù hi-thí)
Caesium (kán-kîm-su̍k)
Barium (kán-thú kîm-su̍k)
Lanthanum (lanthanum-hi)
Cerium (lanthanum-hi)
Praseodymium (lanthanum-hi)
Neodymium (lanthanum-hi)
Promethium (lanthanum-hi)
Samarium (lanthanum-hi)
Europium (lanthanum-hi)
Gadolinium (lanthanum-hi)
Terbium (lanthanum-hi)
Dysprosium (lanthanum-hi)
Holmium (lanthanum-hi)
Erbium (lanthanum-hi)
Thulium (lanthanum-hi)
Ytterbium (lanthanum-hi)
Lutetium (lanthanum-hi)
Hafnium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Tantalum (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Tungsten (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Rhenium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Osmium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Iridium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Pha̍k-kîm (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Kîm (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Súi-ngiùn (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Thallium (heu-ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Yèn (heu-ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Bismuth (heu-ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Polonium (heu-ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Astatine (lui-kîm-su̍k)
Radon (hî-yù hi-thí)
Francium (kán-kîm-su̍k)
Radium (kán-thú kîm-su̍k)
Actinium (actinium-hi)
Thorium (actinium-hi)
Protactinium (actinium-hi)
Uranium (actinium-hi)
Neptunium (actinium-hi)
Plutonium (actinium-hi)
Americium (actinium-hi)
Curium (actinium-hi)
Berkelium (actinium-hi)
Californium (actinium-hi)
Einsteinium (actinium-hi)
Fermium (actinium-hi)
Mendelevium (actinium-hi)
Nobelium (actinium-hi)
Lawrencium (actinium-hi)
Rutherfordium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Dubnium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Seaborgium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Bohrium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Hassium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Nihonium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (heu-ko-thu kîm-su̍k)
Moscovium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Tennessine (unknown chemical properties)
Oganesson (unknown chemical properties)


Sm

Pu
promethiumSân 釤europium
ngièn-chṳ́ sì-sú 62
ngièn-chṳ́-liòng (±) 150.36(2)[1]
ngièn-su lui-phe̍t   lanthanum-hi
Chhu̍k, fûn-khî n/a, f-block
chû-khì period 6
thien-chṳ́ phài-lie̍t [Xe] 4f6 6s2
per shell 2, 8, 18, 24, 8, 2
vu̍t-lî sin-chṳt
Siông ku-thí
yùng-tiám 1345 K ​(1072 °C, ​1962 °F)
pui-tiám 2173 K ​(1900 °C, ​3452 °F)
Me̍t-thu near Sit-vûn 7.52 g·cm−3
7.16 g·cm−3
Yùng-fa-ngie̍t 8.62 kJ·mol−1
Chîn-fat-ngie̍t 192 kJ·mol−1
Ngie̍t-yùng-liong 29.54 J·mol−1·K−1
chîn-hi-ap
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
chhai T (K) 1001 1106 1240 (1421) (1675) (2061)
Ngièn-chṳ́ sin-chṳt
Yông-fa-su 4, 3, 2, 1 ​(a mildly basic oxide)
Thien-fu-sin Pauling scale: 1.17
Thien-lì-nèn 1st: 544.5 kJ·mol−1
2nd: 1070 kJ·mol−1
3rd: 2260 kJ·mol−1
Ngièn-chṳ́ pan-kang empirical: 180 pm
Khiung-ka pan-kang 198±8 pm
Miscellanea
Chîn-thí keu-chhorhombohedral
Rhombohedral crystal structure for Sân 釤
Sâng-suk thin rod 2130 m·s−1 (at 20 °C)
Ngie̍t-phàng-chong (r.t.) (α, poly) 12.7 µm·m−1·K−1
Ngie̍t-chhòn-thô-li̍t 13.3 W·m−1·K−1
Thien-chú-li̍t (r.t.) (α, poly) 0.940 µΩ·m
Chhṳ̀-sin paramagnetic[2]
Young's modulus α form: 49.7 GPa
Shear modulus α form: 19.5 GPa
Bulk modulus α form: 37.8 GPa
Poisson ratio α form: 0.274
Vickers hardness 410–440 MPa
Brinell hardness 440–600 MPa
CAS Registry Number 7440-19-9
Le̍k-sú
Hí-miàng after the mineral samarskite (itself named after Vasili Samarsky-Bykhovets)
Hoat-kiàn kap siōng chá ê tông-ūi-sò͘ Lecoq de Boisbaudran (1879)
Chui vún-thin ke thùng-vi-su
Chú vùn-chông: Sân 釤 ke thùng-vi-su
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP

模板:Infobox element/isotopes decay2

145Sm syn 340 d ε 145Pm
146Sm trace 1.03×108 y α 2.529 142Nd
147Sm 14.99% 1.06×1011 y α 2.310 143Nd
148Sm 11.24% 7×1015 y α 1.986 144Nd
149Sm 13.82% >2×1015 y (α) 1.870 145Nd
150Sm 7.38% (α) 1.4495 146Nd
151Sm syn 90 y β 151Eu
152Sm 26.75% (α) 0.2203 148Nd
153Sm syn 46.284 h β 153Eu
154Sm 22.75% >2.3×1018 y (ββ) 1.2510 154Gd
Decay modes in parentheses are predicted, but have not yet been observed

Chhâm-kháu chṳ̂-liau編輯

  1. Standard Atomic Weights 2013. Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights
  2. Lide, D. R., pian. (2005). "Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds". CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (PDF) (86th pán.). Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0486-5.